Constructive planning role in protecting the urban environment against the houses wastes ( A study case in Al-Makremah Q. in Al-Najaf al- Asraf)

Salah Hashim Al-Asedy; Qhasim Matter Al- Khalidy; Ahmed YahyaEnooz

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 32, Pages 161-194

The research aims to study the problem of household waste management in the neighborhood of Mecca one revive the holy city of Najaf and develop solutions to this problem, the study focused on the role of urban planning in the protection of the urban environment of household waste, then calculate and estimate the amount of household waste generated and to know the percentages of the components of solid waste, in order to achieve this goal was to conduct the survey and prepare a questionnaire to determine the installation and the rate of household solid waste production for a group of families who have been elected in the study area and the study has shown that the daily amount of waste transported from the neighborhood and business district is almost 46 tons per day, while the amount of waste raised and estimated about 57 706 tons / day, which means that there are approximately 11,706 tons / day of waste is not removed from the streets and open spaces free in the neighborhood, where they are throwing waste into the squares and spaces open and turn sidewalks into garbage dumps of the lack of gathering containers the waste, which is leading to insects and rodents that health impact on the population of the city as well as the deformation aesthetic neighborhood, which increases the size of the problem pool is limited human cadres of workers hygiene and lack of cars waste collection and transportation as well as failure to follow healthy ways to get ridof waste