2018, Volume 1, Issue 26, Pages 207-250
Saif Eddine Abu Alhsan Ali ben Ali ben Mohammad ben Salim Al-Taghlubi Al-Ameady Al-Damascene Al-Shafei, is one of the most distinguished Muslim scholars, who was categorized by his various scholar interests. In addition to bring a distinguished scholar and a fundamentalist, he was known for his interest in philosophy and logic.
Baghdad was a turning point in his life; his teachers had a clear influence in changing a lotof his scholar beliefs, this was clear when he abandoned his sect Alhanbaly to Alshafi'i. In Baghdad, his interests were crystallized to study philosophy and logic by one of the best non-muslim scholars in the city. This lead the traditional scholars to accuse him with putridity, which forced him to leave Baghdad and return to Belad Alsham to start his first struggle.
He has various works despite the fact that logic was the general characteristic of his works, whetherit was merely logical or mix of logical thoughts. His works had three main directions of thoughts; philosophical, fundamental and theology.
The struggle of the hard life he had and the rumors that targeted his scholar position were only a reflection for the political conditions Egypt and Alsham faced. Those conditions affected the scholar and the cultural movements in those conditions affected the scholar and the cultural movements in those areas, where Al-Shafei and Al- ashari sects were dominating. It also emphasized the importance of theology, logic, Hadeeth, Quran interpretation and science of quranic studied, while abandoning the study of philosophy and theology
Criticism has changed with changes in the different literary ages, and this change was in "Abbasid era" more evident than others,so in the criticism of this era, many bases criticism have been established,and created many of critics and flagships, and one of those critics was "Abolqasem Bashir bin Yahya al-Amadi" who became famousafter he wrote his famous book in the field of critics "Balance between the Ta'ayeen",in this book he balanced the poetry of Abu Tammam who described him as a literary artisan with a mysterious meanings in the poet, between the Al-Bahtari who known as a printed and the doctrine of the early religion.And Al-Amidi, after he wrote his book, became a point of sympathy in the history of Arab criticism, because he contradicted the approach of the ancients in their superficial criticism, Which is only based on the taste and the fungus, without the standards and clear criticisms of the media.
Al-Amidi was placed at the beginning of his career,a clear approach and committed himself to follow this method,and in this approach he took upon himself idealistic objectivity which is a compromise between two poets, and did not consider one another, because he believes that the difference between doctrines and opinions.
In this study we will examine the personality of the critic Amidi under the light of the applied approach in criticism,and we looking at his book "Important balance between the Ta'ayeen", to knowwhether or not is objective. In this study, Al-Amadithrough his book" Literary Budget " appeared to us authorized author in his criticism and his ability of know all information about a poetry and poets,and he tried to study and balance between two neutral budget poets without being involved in the dispute over these poets and their doctrines in poetry;However, we find that by mentioning the examples and the evidence, he was a clear tendency towards the Bahtari doctrine.