The project of Hoor-Laval 1935 and its effect on the British policy( A study in the international relation)

Mohammed Salih Al- Ziady

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 21, Pages 185-226

Prior to the eruption of the Second World War, a new international build-up had been growing. It consisted of the bipolar group of Germany, Italy and Japan on the one hand, and Britain and France and the USA later. Italy was allied with France and Britain in the Striza Front because of its interests in Austria. Britain as well as France’s stand concerning the Abyssinian issue caused Italy to side with Germany and leave the Striza Front 1936 and sign a treaty with Germany. Britain’s failing position towards the Italian attack against Abyssinia was a turning point that changed the blocks among the powerful countries at the time. Britain’s superficial commitment to the League of Nations, collective security and peace stemmed from its interests, so the British government sought to please Italy by giving up Abyssinia. At the same time, the British concluded a maritime agreement with Germany and the Munch Conference. All these efforts were in vain to turn the upcoming war towards the Soviet Union and the East. This led to the eruption of the Second World War in 1939.