Analyzing Narrative Structure of “The Tale of Afshin and Boudolaf” from Bayhaqi's "History" Based on Gérard Genette’s Theory
2018, Volume 1, Issue 36, Pages 59-72
Analyzing the constituent elements of a narrative and representation of its governing rules help us in better understanding of mechanisms and relationships within the narrative elements. Since narratology is one of the main branches of structuralism, analyzing narrative structure of past texts and their evolution can be lead to valuable results and open new and different perspectives to audiences.Bayhaqi’s History is one of the basic texts in Persian prose. This research analyzes narrative structure of “The Tale of Afshin and Boudlof” from Bayhaqi's "History" based on the ideas of French structuralist, Gérard Genette.
The narrative levels of this work has been studied in interaction with the components of duration, mood, and voice) to uncover its specific narrative structure and Bayhaqi’s writing power in taking advantage of the possibilities of language and literary. Unlike believers in the idea that past proses of Persian literature just stories and narrations and they lack ordered structure and strong plot, this research shows the ordered structure and strong plot of the studied case according to ideas of Gérard Genette.
Studying the rhythmic structure in me poem Al-Kawthar (for syaedRethaAlmouswi and object Mohammed Jwaed)
Stylistics is one of the modern methods for criticizing the literal texts which studies the structure of text and analyzes its elements according to three levels including phonetic, syntax and fluency, resulting in discrimination among the work of scholars and poets. One of the most obvious characteristics of stylistics is the phonetic structure which has been represented in rhythmic , coherent and weighted elements. The present paper studies the phonetic structure in two idylls of Kosarieh by Mohamad Javad el-janabi with Seyed Mohamadreza Moosavi el-handi. Tone and phonetics are undoubtedly derived from musical nice nature of poet and plays administrative and coordinative role in the structure.
But poets benefit from poetry interference as an innovative art for reviving the heritage of previous poets; as Jenabi has applied it in interference with El-hendi Kosarieh. These are contemporary Iraq poets who are considered as those who revive the heritage of last Iraq poets. Jenabi attempted at interference with Kosarie idyll of El-hendi Moosavi who writes poetries about Prophet Mohamad and Imam Ali(peace upon them). Then, present investigation tries to study the phonetic structure of these two idylls in descriptive-analytical method. One significant result of this study is that two idylls are written in a same music and subject, but the most important difference is the their length and verses. Moosavi El-hendi benefits internal and external length more than Jenabi. And in is natural to observe a difference between feeling and affection in two idylls. Idyll of Moosavi sometimes is full of feeling and affection and sometimes the extent of this feeling is reduced, but feeling and affection are in the same level in Jenabi's idyll.