2018, Volume 1, Issue 22, Pages 121-130
AbstractNajaf is one of the metropolises of Arab and Islamic countries that have contributed, throughout its long history, to the revival of Arab and Islamic heritage and supply the movement of thought and culture, employing the economic, social, cultural and scientific elements of this holy city.
One manifestation of the cultural richness of Najaf city is that it has had forums of scientific, literary and social distinct from other meetings. Those forums have been accompanied by names of the scientific and literary families that had established them.
Every family of these households has had its own meeting or forum where elite people meet to have an issue of ideology, literature, culture or public policy for debate. Therefore, poetry plays an active role and the discussions may reach a point of controversy, which leads to what so called (Literary battles). Those battles usually erupt between the two currents: the traditional or conservative and the regenerative.
Among its cultural heritage manifestations is that names of some books and sources of science and jurisprudence have become surnames to some of its scientific and literary families as Aal-Kashif Alghitaa and Al-Jawahiry. This is considered as one of the cultural phenomena that characterized Najaf environment from other literary and cultural metropolises, which shows that, as evidenced by, there is a high cultural awareness probably rare to find its equivalent in other metropolises.
Although most of the pioneers of these forums represented Najaf scholars and literary men, however, they are not limited to this class but included all social classes of Najaf.
Therefore, the Najafi society generally influenced literarily and scientifically by those forums due to its interest in seeing more and listening to all that is new in the world of thought and culture, literature art and politics. Hence, those forums have been witnessing a high attendance.
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