2018, Volume 1, Issue 23, Pages 259-318
AbstractThe research entitled “Barning aptte Bookstores of the Arabic Islamic “ States in thth and 6 th Centuries A.H. has arrived at the Following Findings :
The first introduction of the Library and Archives was in the Mesopotamia duct the Flourishing of culture and the discovery of writing . Then the Egyptians used saving books system in Al-Sumerian culture .The First burning of books was burning the Prophets sayings by both caliphs Abu Bakir AL- See dig and Omar Ibn AL-khatab avoiding disagreement among Muslims in the Prophets sayings or between the Prophts sayings and the Glorious Quran-By doing this, they ignored the actual advantage of these sayings as being the seond source in Islamic legislation Concerning the legitmate and illegitimate issues .
Most burnt libraries were in the 5th and 6th Centuries A.H . because of the Abbaside caliphs policy in creating seditions among Sunnis and shias in addition to their seeking of the Turks help to clear their bad reality resulting from their weakness . Turks caused the sectarian seditions among Sunnis and shies by their slant towards Sunnis This motivated them to burn AL.Tusy library .
Burning books was not limited to burning Baghdad libraries(the centre of Abbasid estate)but also expanded to libraries of Islamic world in Cordoba (the centre Ummayade state in AL-Andulus)and the Cairo (the centre of AL-Fatimiya state)particularly libraries of shias because they contained books criticizing the political economic and social situations and calling for awareness and getting rid of unawareness .
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