2018, Volume 1, Issue 26, Pages 207-250
AbstractSaif Eddine Abu Alhsan Ali ben Ali ben Mohammad ben Salim Al-Taghlubi Al-Ameady Al-Damascene Al-Shafei, is one of the most distinguished Muslim scholars, who was categorized by his various scholar interests. In addition to bring a distinguished scholar and a fundamentalist, he was known for his interest in philosophy and logic.
Baghdad was a turning point in his life; his teachers had a clear influence in changing a lotof his scholar beliefs, this was clear when he abandoned his sect Alhanbaly to Alshafi'i. In Baghdad, his interests were crystallized to study philosophy and logic by one of the best non-muslim scholars in the city. This lead the traditional scholars to accuse him with putridity, which forced him to leave Baghdad and return to Belad Alsham to start his first struggle.
He has various works despite the fact that logic was the general characteristic of his works, whetherit was merely logical or mix of logical thoughts. His works had three main directions of thoughts; philosophical, fundamental and theology.
The struggle of the hard life he had and the rumors that targeted his scholar position were only a reflection for the political conditions Egypt and Alsham faced. Those conditions affected the scholar and the cultural movements in those conditions affected the scholar and the cultural movements in those areas, where Al-Shafei and Al- ashari sects were dominating. It also emphasized the importance of theology, logic, Hadeeth, Quran interpretation and science of quranic studied, while abandoning the study of philosophy and theology
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