2018, Volume 1, Issue 5, Pages 151-203
In the course of our research, we reached some conclusions that largely express research intent :
1- The Greek history was not dead, it was a live one in all of its stages.
2- The Greek people is interested in the cultural aspects, this is clear through the life history of its citizens and their interest in the different kinds of science and knowledge.
3- The Greek history and culture were based on mix between old cultures with an attempt to make use of past nations' sciences.
4- The Greek culture is widely-spreading, this made unity the most vivid subject in the mind of the Greek.
5- Intellectual correlation with the Eastern cultures is clearly evident in the ancient philosophy of Greece.
6- All sources of study of Greek culture, especially Homer and Hesiod and their expression of legendary spirit, were rooted in the cultures of Nile and Mesopotamia.
7- Freedom was the most prevalent feature of Greek citizen in the period meant in the research.
8- Beginnings of philosophical thoughts and use of the word (philosophy) were in Greece, in spite of the eastern roots in the Greek philosophy.
9- Absence of religious teaching and authority of religion and churchmen opened the way for philosophy and for its first seeds to grow.
10- Greek philosophy emerged in a period when no output was to answer many questions concerning nature and universal phenomena .
11- Developments in the post-contemplation philosophical aspects and attempts to answer the questions that remained unsolved are the results of new mode in the Greek thinking.
12- The organized stage in the Greek thinking through establishing philosophical schools and preparing scientific methodology for philosophical thought.
13- Research in nature and outside words represents what is called naturalists in philosophy.
14- Through sophism, philosophical research in Greece turned towards man's self after being searching in the outside world .
15- Emergence of individualism for the Greek citizen.
16- Through the establishment of Pythagorean school, there appeared an interest in the mathematical aspect. It was included as one source of knowing existence.
17- There appeared tow directions in philosophy: the first is called fluxionism, put by Heraclites, and the second is called substantialism, put by Parmenides.
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