AbstractThis research is an attempt to benefit from the understanding of the ancients of the term beside the modernists, illustrating the efforts of our scientists in this field, and most famous Abdul QahirJirjani. They had their views on the subject; printed their old opinionsand judgments on the poets, and their view was tilted towards the clarity of the metaphorical image, so they rejected any attempt to renew and took a firm position of the images of Abi metaphorically because they deviated from this obvious avenue they borrowed.
In addition, the research dealt with the contemporary view of metaphor, which diverged from those old theories. The metaphor offered a new face, replacing the theory of reciprocity, the transfer of the word from one environment to another; to an interactive view that is not abstracted from the metaphorical picture; To generate a third party with the ability to suggest in a new sense.
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