2018, Volume 1, Issue 4, Pages 327-393
Many factors worked together to create the appropriate conditions for the development of the global economy one of these factors is the international customhouse union and the growth of capitals whish made the capitalist countries to move their industrial investments to any developmental countries where the factors of industrial in vestment are available. In addition, environmental rules have not been applied in developmental countries which encourage the capitalist countries to adopt the global economy strategy and encourage it in order to move their pollution industrial away from their countries.
The widespread of economic globalization in the international economy caused big changes in the economic structure of the developmental countries represented by the decrease of local production because of the rescuing of most of their industrial sectors depending of the raw material imported from developmental countries with comparatively low prices.
In addition to , the multi-nationalities companies worked on increasing the debts of developmental countries by smuggle ring capitals out of developmental countries to obligate them to give tax relinquishments which reached Millars of dolor's and obligate their governments to give these companies the priority to construct different projects in these countries that coasted very large amount of money . At the same time these companies worked on the continuous decrease of the wages of their workers , the workers who pay taxes to the government which caused the decrease of the national input at the global level , at the same time the problem of unemployment has increased hand in hand with the deficits of the government balances . This has increased the debts of developmental countries , and led them to put economic reformation strategies in order to keep the hard currency inside their capacity in achieving food independence , thus a new strategy was introduced which the strategy of "agricultural intensiveness".
The application of "agricultural intensiveness" strategy caused a clear "Environmental degeneration" , including the damage of soil and water sources , both surface and under ground sources because of the intensive use of insecticide and agricultural fertilizers , In addition to , the horizontal expansion of agricultural investment caused the damage of many frosts which resulted in the decrease of organisms variation and the emergence of the problem of dissertations and the consequent appearance oscillation of rainfall in many countries that accrue with the region of humid climate , thus about (1.4)k2 of the area of forest is damaged per-minute which causes the death of about (50-150) organism each day in tropical forests where (80%) percent of Biodiversity is placed since these forces represent life sources of genetic various of organisms.
Another problem has emerged as a result of using "agricultural intensiveness" , the problem of "Eutrophication" , This problem is caused mainly by using too much in secticides and fertilizers , and the concentration of chemical compounds in the water of agricultural drain and in the rivers in which this water falls consequently the density of Algal has increased and this works on the decrease of the "Do" in the water of these rivers which makes these rivers unapproiate for the life of may organisms.
The study resulted in two main points ; First , that one of the most important results of "Environmental degeneration" of the political dimension which influenced and will influence the shape of political relations that caused international conflicts is the conflict on water sources . The second point is that the decrease of " Biodiversity" has on important role in bad conditions of international economic security . Since the genetic material of different types of natural organisms participates in Millions of dollars of the international economy each year taking the form of different types of proved corps.
The study ends with certain results and recommendations about the role of economic globalization in environmental degeneration , the economy of developmental countries and the political effects of this environmental degeneration in the present and feature states of international relations .
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