2018, Volume 1, Issue 15, Pages 173-206
AbstractDiaul Din Al-Tabatabai is one of the most important characters that played a special role in the Iranian political arena. He witnessed three different periods of the Iranian contemporary history; the period of the Qajarid state and its fall in 1925A.D. and the Pahlavi state which witnessed two reigns, the reign of Ridha Shah 1925-1941 A.D. and his son who succeeded him Mohammed Ridha Pahlavi 1941-1979A.D. whose period was the most unique period of Iran on all levels. Starting from this point, the researcher attempted to study the intellectual and political role of Diaul Din since he was a journalist in 1905A.D. to the time when he became a prime minister in 1925A.D. then when he was sent to exile last until the time of his death in 1969A.D.
The thesis included an introduction, three chapters, conclusion and indexes. The first chapter discussed the biography and the political and journalistic activities until the coup of 1921. The chapter in is divided into three topics, the first tackled the journalistic and political activity of Diaul Din until the year 1909 while the second dealt with his real activity in journalism in late 1909 as well as his mission in Caucasus in 1920. Finally, the third is dedicated to 1919 agreement between Iran and Britain and the attitude of Diaul Din towards them.
The second chapter entitled "Revolutionary Ministry of Diaul Din Al-Tabatabai" is divided into three topics, the first is dedicated for the changes that took place in Iran after the coup 1921, while the second is dedicated for program of Diaul Din's government, the most prominent safety developments that took place in Iran and the procedures followed concerning the internal status. Finally, the last topic dealt with the foreign relations of Iran during the reign of this government and the internal changes that led to the fall of the government in the 26th of May 1921.
In the third and last chapter the researcher revealed all aspects related to the life of the studied character after the authority and through three topics. The first topic dealt with the life of Diaul Din in exile in 1921-1934 and his special activities as his participation in Al-Quds first conference in 1931 while the second is dedicated for parliamentary activity of of Diaul Din in Iran during the period 1944-1946, and the last topic tackled the political life of Diaul Din after he was released from prison in November 1946 and until his death in 1969.
The year 1905 is regarded the starting point of the political activity of Diaul Din through his journalistic work where he concentrated on the development of Iran which cannot be done without the help of the western countries as Britain. In spite of the short term of the Ministry headed by the Tabatabai, but it had a good impression in the lives of the Iranians.
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