2018, Volume 1, Issue 15, Pages 361-386
AbstractThe demographic change of Kalar was happened due to the forced migration of the people after the seventies of the last century. The yearly rate of the population growth was 21.1% between 1977- 1987. This was the result of the forced migration operations of the population of the Region of Kurdistan, among them the people of Khanaqeen who were deported to Kalar. This was along with the Anfal operations in which the third campaign included the Karmian area. After that the remains of their families including the women, old people and children were collected in Smoud (Rizgary) Complex which belongs to Kalar in 1987.
The structural change of the geopolitics of Iraq including the falling down of the former Iraqi regime in 2003 helped the deported Kurds in other Arabic parts of Iraq to come back to Kalar , as well as , the polarization of the population of the villages and the surrounding cities , to develop the infrastructure of the economics, the education and the services.
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