2018, Volume 1, Issue 17, Pages 187-234
AbstractImam Ali (Peace be upon him), who is indeed the Quran Al-Natiq with whom the right goes every whore he goes, could interpret the holy Quran, putting the economic theory into practice, turning away from all other economic doctrines and leaving his impression through his words which are considered a treasure of knowledge and application for the economic, the financial and the monetary politics. Imam Ali (PBUH) government, despite the shortage of time, the wars and troubles it had encountered, had given a great interest to support the economic basis for the ideal Islamic state, which would have turned the earth into paradise if it had lasted for a longer time, this government had been characterized by justice, equality, honesty, safety, raising the economic competence, applying religion and Islamic legislation the achieve the lasting development and social security, reflecting the pure picture of Islam which can never be achieved in applying the material sides without the belief in God (Allah) and the supernatural since the relation with the Almighty God (Allah) have to dominate all the economic relations, starting from the intention to work, its beginning, in the course of it and after achieving the product, it's circulation and distribution this can't be found in any other economic doctrines, and it's sufficient for Imam Ali that he had summonsed the whole economy into two words in Arabic: " That who is thrifty, will never be need" to the extent that he can never be trespassed as the first founder of the science of economy from the theoretical and practical point of view.
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