2018, Volume 1, Issue 18, Pages 79-108
AbstractPraise be to God alone the Lord of Worlds, Prayer and peace be upon His Prophet and his pure Ahlul-Bait.
Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady occupied a n important position in the history of our Arab Islamic philosophy, he had an original critic ability to which we can hardly find a peer. He comprehended all the different intellectual trends of his period, this is exhibited clearly in his ( Al-Mo`atabar fi Al-Hikmah ) where he put his philosophical project and critical attitude towards his period intellectual trends , this book had considered all the tiny details of these trends and directions, we can say that it is the intellectual encyclopedia of Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady period.
Throughout this research, it became clear that Abi Al- Barakat was able to establish the bases of the rational critical method in his ( Al-Mo`atabar fi Al-Hikmah ), this indicates the originality and deepness of this philosopher thought, just like the other Muslim philosophers such as Al-Gazzaly , Averroes and other.
The researchers has many reasons to choose this subject such as :- what had been published for Abi Al- Barakat is only a small part of his works , he still in need for more and more of the deep study, a number of the researchers had studied his works before, yet the field of logic is still unstudied, as I believe, hence I decided to study this subject.
The thesis is divided into three chapters , an introduction and a conclusion.
The first chapter is a an introductory approach for Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady, it includes the philosopher`s life and works as well as his philosophical method, within the first topic, while the second topic deals with Logic before Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady which is represented by the Greek philosophers, with a brief exhibition for Aristotle Logic, and the Logic for the Philosophers of Islam.
In the second chapter the researcher studies the logical terms for Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady through their significances and meanings and their different positions, the five predicates ( al kuliat alkhams ), definitions and their division within the first topic. The second topic deals with the direct deduction with its opposition of propositions and contradiction as well as the direct deduction with its analogy, induction and representation within the third topic.
The five craft (al sinaat alkhams ) for Abi Al- Barakat Al-Baghdady, had been studied in the third chapter by dividing it into three topics; the evidence, debate or argument and sophist, speech and poetry respectively.
This study is an attempt to penetrate truth in the thought of the philosopher Hibtallah bin Malkah , only a step on truth path, with guidance intuition, to throw light on one aspect because it is about to be impossible to obtain the whole truth.
Our last prayer is Praise to be God alone the Lord of Worlds.
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