2018, Volume 1, Issue 20, Pages 127-158
AbstractThe research concentrated on the content of the study of the functional structure of Abu-Skher city and the stages which it went through. It is difficult to find special stages in the development of the city within this long period. The reason is that the lack of the constructional and planning heritage and what is left of public and private buildings as well as the lack in the documents and maps of the buildings during that period.
The many incidents which took place during that period had an effect on the social construct of the society which did not develop in a single pattern. The city witnessed periods of functional and architectural growth and prosperity and large spatial relations with large regions before Islam and then the Moguls invasion to Baghdad in 1258 A.D. which led to total destruction Abu Sekher went through long recession periods and this architectural heritage enabled us of investigating the planning of the city and its demography as well as their peoples activities. On top of which is the central location around which the lives of the people evolves. In addition the morphological stages which the city went through were studied tackling its plan and the internal and external structural units of the residents, and the streets as well as knowing the main factors that affected the growth of the city and its internal functional structure of the city in details. Reviewing the development of the city, it did not begin until the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century mainly because of the economic factor as well as the improvements in the road network in particular and the transportation in general. And also for the political stability and finally for the technological development. Studying the morphological stages of the city came to determine the boarders of the city after an analytical of the rise of the study, its form, contents, functions, people and uses of the land, where the city goes back to the reign of Nabukhudhnusar before 2500 years in spite of the fact that the contemporary urbanism goes back to the late seventies of the twentieth century.
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