2018, Volume 1, Issue 21, Pages 11-44
AbstractCollocation is one of the categories of thecontext theory in the modern and contemporary semantics; the theoristsbelieve that the semantic units cannot be described or defined without considering the surrounding units. From this theory, the concept of ( collocation) had developed; it means the tendency of terms towards being connected with certain terms. This concept is a result of the efforts of the previous generations during long centuries; it is not a sudden movement of creation.
The Arab linguists, grammarians and interpreters observed, since the early time, the tendency of terms towards being connected with certain terms. So collocation one of bases on which their theories of meaning depended. The western linguists and grammarians had quoted it from the Arab where their theoretical and applied contributions indicate their realizing of this concept. Yet they did follow it as a permanent method in their linguistic and Qura`nic studies; this could be due to the different cognitive tools they adopted in their studies. Yet we cannot deny the favor of the modern linguists in presenting this concept as an a scientific theory. The research founds that the cognitive roots of collocation in the interpretation emerged from the method of (interpretation Qur`an by Qur`an) which is of the most ancient methods of interpretation. In the modern age, it could be a kind of the ( linguistic interpretation). The feature of this method defines the term significance and value in two contexts :- the first could be the minor context; the first is to connect with certain terms on the level of one or two verses by adopting the comparing method, and the second is to follow the use of the Qura`nic term on the level of the whole Qura`nic text, without excepting any position, and the connected terms via deducing and comparing the under study text.
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