Types of Population Structure in Palestine

HashimKadhimSbaikhy; Abdali al-Khaffaf

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

The Palestinian society is considered to be a masculine society because the male sex is higher in it than it is of the Jewish.
The Jewish society considered to be a mature society for the high rate of the youths who are from (64-15) year. The rate of this group is (63,4 %). The Palestinian society, on the other hand, is considered to be a young society for the high rate of the young from (0-14) year to (38 %) and the rate of the youth is (58, 2 %).
The pyramid of the Arab is distinguished as being a pyramid that has a big base a delicate top as the number of the young is high. The pyramid of the Jewish is distinguished a relatively narrow base and a length in the middle of the arrow and a delicate top which is owing to the low rate of the young and the high rate of the youth.

Philosophical Hermontica of Hidgher and Ghadmer, meaning epistemology from text authority to Experience Ontology

Ali KadhimAsed; ShafeqhYousifJado

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

كان المنهجُ الفينومينولوجي مخرجَ أزمة الفكر الاوربي الحداثي الذي استُبدلِت به ميتافيزيقيا الذات القروسطية بميتافيزيقيا الموضوع العقلانية بعد سيطرة نموذج العلم الطبيعي، وما سعى اليه هوسرل كان التأسيس لقاعدة علم كلّي تنهض عليه العلوم جميعُها من خلال تحويل الفلسفة الى علم كلي يستوعب جميعَ أبعاد الوجود الإنساني، لتكون بذلك الفلسفةَ الأولى التي تؤسّس البدايات الصحيحة لكل معرفة. فإذا كانت العلوم الطبيعية تبحث في الكيفيات فإنها بذلك علومٌ جزئية لأنها لا تبحث في وجود الاشياء ولا تسأل عنه. بناءً على ذلك نهض هيدغر بمهمة إعادة تعريف كل من الميتافيزيقيا والإنسان من أجل الوصول الى المطابقة بينهما (إثبات الطبيعة الميتافيزيقية للإنسان)، إذ لا تقود المعرفةُ النظرية ولا المعرفة التجريبية الى معرفة الإنسان؛ لأنهما تتطلبان أن يخرج الإنسان عن ذاته، ما يعني أن تجاوز الانسانُ ذاتَه وتعاليه عليها لن يقود الى معرفتها ومن ثمّ لا يمكن للذات أن تكون موضوعاً، وبذلك تجاوز مفهومُ الأنا المتعالية عند هوسرل مفهومَ الأنا السيكولوجي الخاضع لمنهج العلم الموضوعي التجريبي الذي يتعامل مع الذات كموضوع، إذ يتأسس تعاليها الذاتي على كل ما هو موضوعي، فلا تُدرَك على أنها موضوع ولا تُدرِك هي العالم وما فيه على أنه موضوع، بل ينبني ما تدركه على أنه قصدُها الإدراكي وينبني العالم بهيأة أنساق قصدية لوعيها، فتتحول ثنائيةُ الذات والموضوع الوضعية بذلك الى بنية وعي قصدية، وهي خبرة حية تنشأ من العلاقة الحية المباشرة بين الذات بوصفها المدرِكة للماهيات وأشياءِ العالم الخارجي بوصفها الوقائع. ومن منطلق مفهوم الخبرة هذا اسس هيدغر للفهم مرتكزاته الأنطولوجية الثلاثة ممثلة بالقصدية والزمانية والتاريخية ومنح الفهم بذلك ما يتحدد به مُمثلاً بالموقف والمنظار اللذين يكسبانه تعينه الواقعاني ذاته الذي للكينونة من حيث أن حدث الفهم هو حدث الكينونة ذاته

Human uses of natural plant in holy Kerbala governorate

Abdul-HasenMadfoon Abu-Reheel; LemiyaaAbd-Taha Al-Edhary

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

This research aims at revealing the human uses of the natural plant in the governorate of holyKerballa. It concludes that the natural plant in the governorate of holyKerballa has a great importance; some of the natural plants in the study area are used for medical purposes such as reeds which used for backache, cough, scabies and itch, diuretic, menstruation, scorpion bite and others. The study shows that most of the natural plants in the study area are pasture especially the grass or herb and thistle which contain high value such as the ( Sebt); a green herb in the desert and semi desert areas pastured by camels, and tamarisk which is of the perennial herb, that grow and spread quickly, with high rate of protein and phosphor and pastured by sheep and goats. It also shows that some of the natural plant is used for industrial purposes such as the willow which used for the boats and houses roofs as well for baskets, the ( gharab) which also used for the house and yards` roofs and tent pillars, and the nabk or the Christ thorn which is used for the boats and certain kinds of chairs. There are some other uses, less importance than what are mentioned above, such the domestic purposes.

Oral and written in the Qura'nic text in the term of the modernism reading

Hakim Habeeb Al-Gureity; Hakeem Selman Al-Sultany

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Among the tasks and cognitive theory advocated by the modernist reading, and have spent a great effort to distinguish between speech issue oral and written text. Any talk about the verbal Qur'anic speech, and then turn it into a written text of the Qur'an. Then the initial phase of the Report of the Prophet (J) of the Quranic speech is quite different from the record total this letter home stage.
The research was based on the following question: Do you really were traded Koran orally in the absence of the Prophet with the text written parallel to this oral discourse, and that was my lips speech codification final text format (the Koran), after three centuries? The research concluded that the Koran did not pass oral era is associated with the notation, though the former religious texts era has passed orally. Because the process of codification was associated with the revelation of the Qur'an-you-go. And immediate codification of the Quranic text in writing, his knowledge in proving the value of parallelism time in documenting the transfer of the Quranic text of the letter written to oral Blogging has Kasai This written documentation that oral documentation

Middle cities' role in achieving the spatial balance for the developing region

Abdul-Sahib Naji Al- Baghdadi

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

اختلفت البرامج التنموية والسياسات الحضرية من دولة لأخرى بسبب اختلاف المقومات الجغرافية والإمكانات التنموية لها ، واختلاف شبكة الاستقرار الحضري وعمقها التاريخي والعوامل المؤثرة فيها . فقد اتبعت معظم دول العالم منذ خمسينيات القرن العشرين سياسة تأسيس شبكة متكاملة من المدن المحيطة بالمنطقة الريفية في إطار تنازلي متكامل لكافة أنواع المدن على أساس عاصمة قومية تختص بوظائف الإدارة المركزية ومراكز تنمية إقليمية لإغراض التجارة ، وشبكة من المدن المتوسطة أو الثانوية تمثل مراكز تنمية حضرية لغرض خلق أنشطة صناعية لخدمة الريف والحضر ، ومراكز خدمات ريفية تجمع بين أنشطة الصناعة الخفيفة والأنشطة الزراعية . وبموجب ذلك تم النظر إلى المدن المتوسطة في هذه التراتبية على إنها تقدم جملة وظائف منها تخفيف الضغوط عن المدن الكبرى وتقليل التفاوتات الإقليمية وتوفير قدرة إدارية إقليمية غير مركزية، فضلاً عن كونها تعمل على تقويض الفقر في المدن المتوسطة نفسها . إن ذلك الأمر لم يحدث ، فقد ظلت المدن المتوسطة القضية التي يتكرر إغفالها في جميع استراتيجيات التنمية الحضرية بوصفها الحلقة الوسطى في التراتبية الحضرية . وبدءاً من تلك الإخفاقات ترسخت قضية أقطاب التنمية (المدن الكبرى) والهوامش المتخلفة أو الفقيرة (المدن المتوسطة والصغيرة) التي يتكرس فيها الحرمان من جميع أشكال الحياة الحضرية . كما إن القضية هذه لم تكن عفوية أو ارتجالية، وإنما جاءت نتيجة للتشوه الذي أصاب المنظومة الحضرية بسبب السياسات التنموية الخاطئة ، فوجود مدينة رئيسة مهيمنة افقد المدن الأخرى من التمتع بميزات الحياة الحضرية ، لذلك اقتصرت على كونها مناطق سكنية خارج المنطقة الزراعية ، كما هو الحال في العراق . وبذلك جاءت دراستنا لتهدف الى تحليل مفاهيم المدينة المتوسطة وخصائصها من اجل الكشف عن الأدوار التي تؤديها في حيزها الإقليمي والوطني ، والذي بموجبها سيتم تحقيق التوازن المكاني وتقليل الفجوات الحجمية والخدمية للنظام الحضري الوطني .

Evaluation of heavy elements of well's water of Ya Hussein project between Najaf and Al-Haideriya

Hasen Abdulla Al- Ka; QhasimKadhim Mohammed Al- Asedy; KifahSalih Al- Asedy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Ground water (GW) quality were evaluated by dtermining Heavy metals (HMs) for Alhussain project on July and December 2014 .
Heavy metals (zn,cu,cr,co,pb,cd,mn) for the wells under study has been examined . The results showed great variations among the analyzed samples . However most values were higher the maximum permissible levels recommended by world health organization (WHO) drinking water standard . The harvests of metallic contents except (zn,cu,cr) were higher the maximum permissible levels recommended by world health organization (WHO) for drinking and irrgational purposes .

Resources of the four testaments ( Mathew, Mark, Luke and Johan)

Khalid Musa Abd Al- Hussainy; AmelJeel Al- Hisnawy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

This research deals with the resources of thefour Gospels. Its importance lies on the interest of the approaching the religions by the correct understanding of the religions and discussing their problems. The resources of the four Gospels is one of these problems. The research includes studying these resources via the Christian theories and the contains of the gospels that depended on the verbal heritage, the books of Torah, the pagan effects and the Greek philosophy

Quantitative analysis of traffic in hoy Kerbala city

Ahmed YahyaEnooz; Wahabfehed Al-Yasiry

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

يعد التحليل الكمي من اهم ما يميز دراسات النقل بصورة عامة والنقل الحضري بصورة خاصة ولاسيما في جانب بيان حركة المرور واتجاهاتها ومعدلاتها في المدينة ومنها مدينة كربلاء المقدسة وذلك لاكتمالالصورة المكانية وتباينها في الشوارع كافة , لذا فهو تحليل يمثل معياراً دقيقاً يمكن من خلاله ايضاً تقويم واقع حال شبكة النقل والمرور فضلاً عن تقويم الحركة المرورية . ولأجل اكتمال الصورة العلمية له فسيتم اعتماد التحليل الكمي لدراسة معدلات حركة المرور بكافة أصنافها الزمانية اليومية والاسبوعية والموسمية فضلاً عن حركة المرور الخاصة بمركبات السلع والبضائع نظراً لما تتمتع به مدينة كربلاء المقدسة من ميزة دينية عملت على تنوع حركاتها المرورية واتجاهاتها . وقد تم اعتماد الدراسة الميدانية والتحليل على ثمانية شوارع رئيسة في المدينة باعتبارها الشوارع المغذية للشوارع الأخرى فضلاً عن اتباع اسلوب الكثافة في بيان معدلات حركة المرور على مسوى الساعات والأمتار فضلاً عن اعتماد بعض الاساليب الاخرى التي تعد من ادق الاساليب والمعطيات المهمة لاستخراج معدلات كثافة حركة المرور في الشوارع .

Effect of Aal-KashifAl-Ghitaa family on the character of Sheikh Ali Aal-Kashif Al-Ghitaa, the author of Al-Hisoon Al- Mani'ea

Ahmed Naji Al-Ghurairy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Through this search , we got to what it was the family of all detector cover of the scientific level represents the work done by the men of this family of studies and research , lectures and other things that form in its entirety , tool payment and the establishment of the academic levels of the generations that came later than the children of this family , has been We stood and we are looking at the biography of Sheikh Ali detector cover owner impregnable fortresses , what was this tender family of a clear impact in the building of intellectual character . This is Mottagl eloquent in front of the reader if they follow these influences ranging Grew up within the confines of this family and by being aware of its bid , which crystallized in the same movement that Activating due to be level or slightly more than his peers .

Argumentative relation between doctrine and ethics in the Islamic society

Amir abdZaid Al-Wa; ily; Hawraaabd Ali Al-Khuza

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem regards of the most important point in the modern Islamic thought.
Also his thought and doctrine effect spread widely through his variety thought production. For these reasons and other he has important reputation in Iraqi reality.
This research is about the Islamic values in the Islamic cultural and political reality.
He portrayed the Islam as connection web.
He looks to the relationship of the human with himself, his brother and society.
AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem lived in the golden period in Iraqi history and Islamic world. In that time there are many immortal personality like AL-Imam AL-Khamenei and AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Sadder.
There was Islamic revolution School. ALL these things lead to appear the Islamic revolution.
The title of chapter one is moral speech and its changeable.
First research: moral is language and convention.
First demand: moral in the language and convention.
Second research: moral speech and its changeable.
First research: Greece moral.
Second research: Islamic moral
Third research: modern philosophy theory for moral values in the East.
Chapter two
Life of AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem and political Struggle.
First research: Life of Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
Second demand: His biography and his books.
Third demand: Scientific cover and his books.
Second research: struggle speech of AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
First demand: struggle speech of AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
Second demand: political aspect in the age of AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
Third demand: Social aspect.
Chapter three
The moral in the thought of AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
First research: reformation speech for AL-Syed Mohammed Baqer AL-Hakeem.
First demand: society reformation through human reformation.
Second demand: The human is the successor of Allah in the earth.
Second research: The argument of the relationship between the doctrine and moral in the Islamic society.
First demand: Doctrine.
Second demand: The moral.
Third research: Role of the good unanimity in the history movement.
First demand: good unanimity and its moral behavior.
Second demand: good unanimity and history movement.

Problems of agricultural activity and the ways to develop it in Al-Kifel district

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

This study aims to reveal the problems that the agricultural activities face in Al -Kifil commune and the possibility of improving and developing these activities by defining the problems that obstruct this development. The agricultural activity is of the most important economic activates as it provides work opportunities and participates in the optimum use of land where many problems obstruct the development of this important productive field.
So the aim of this is to exhibit the most important problems resulting from the natural, human and biological activities that affect the agricultural activity in Al- Kifil commune, as well as the methods of dealing with these problems and limiting them so as to develop and improve this activity.
The study is ended with the results and conclusions such as:-
1-The agricultural activity in Al- Kifil commune faces currently many natural, human and biological problems that affect this activity, yet these problems are solvable by adopting many methods and resolutions in a way that could support the agricultural activity development and improvement in Al- Kifil commune.
2- The surface water in the study area has good qualities for agriculture, yet the area suffers from water decreasing in quality and quantity due to the policy of Tigris and Euphrates sources countries in addition to the west of water due to neglecting the modern irrigation methods which affect agriculture in Al- Kifil commune.

Human characteristics effect on increasing air pollution in Al-Qhadissiyah governorate

Ali Mahdy Al-Dijily; EttabYousif Al-Lihiby

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

That air pollution is one of the most serious problems facing the man in his daily life, which caused him great harm, especially when exceeded critical limits for air pollutants, and is dangerous air pollutants in being spread rapidly and in large quantities in the layer of the lower atmosphere (the class that lives by humans.(
The study shows the impact of human characteristics in the increase of air pollutants as the increase in the number of the population and increase the number of cars and their key role in the increase of air pollution, including emissions of gases and minutes working on increasing pollution, as well as industrial activity as the industry is a major source of pollution and different industries including subtract from contaminated materials from industrial production processes and what the different industries in the study area from the impact of an increase in pollutants, as well as the preparation and the quantities of waste generators in the region, where these properties are working to increase air pollutants in the study area.

American African and second world war 1939-1945

Rabeaa H. Al-Mosawe; Taghreed J. Atya

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

شارك الافارقة الامريكان في الحرب العالمية الثانية 1939-1945م مشاركة فاعلة , كان وراء مشاركتهم هذه آمال عريضة بالحصول على حقوقهم كمواطنين من الدرجة الاولى , بعد الممارسات التمييزية التي تعرضوا لها من قبل الحكومة والمجتمع على حد سواء , لكن على الرغم من ذلك عانى الافارقة الامريكان من نفس المعاملة العنصرية حتى داخل المؤسسة العسكرية , مما ادى الى تزايد حدة المطالب ,كما بدأوا بتنظيم انفسهم بشكل اكبر للحصول على الغاية المنشودة في الحرية والمساواة

Run-on in the poetic works of ShawqhiBezai'e

ReheemKhraibutAtiyah Al-Saidy; Israa Mohammed Ridha Al-Akrawy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Researcher name: Ph.D. student Israa Mohammed Ridha Al-Akrawi and Dr.RaheemAl_Saedee/ Address: Iraq/ Holy Najaf/ University of Kufa
Research title: Running lines in the Poetic Works of ShawqiBezaie
The purpose, methods and results of this research is to shed light towards a musical phenomenon in the poetry of the poet ShawqiBezae which is running lines acknowledged in the Arabic poetry which lies between the two parts of the same line. In spite the fact that his works are always written in the free style of poetry, but he adopted this rhythmic property in most of his poetry. The research was supported by the opinions of some of the critics to reveal the nature of this phenomena and to what extent it has reached as well as it’s indicative musical effect in this poetry.

The educational effect of Jamalul-Deen Al-Afghany in Al-Najaf Al-ashraf

Sami sheheedMashkoor; Tahseen Mohammed Ridha

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Jamaluddin Al Alafghani bore on his shoulders the concerns of the Middle East and the Arabic nations which were severely influenced by the corrupted ruling of ottomans. The corruption covered all the institutions including the educational institution which reached the uttermost degree of the corruption .he started his reformative revolution first in Najaf Ashraf ; the city that embraced him while he was student and fed him with her sciences , thought and morals . he tried to update and renew some of the researches methods used in its schools and fix some of the traditions and norms that the society used to adopt . after that he moved with his reformative revolution to Cairo of Egypt but in wider range . in Egypt he collected all the Egyptian intellectuals who studied at the important educational institution like Azhar trying to fix what was deteriorated by the fatawaaltakleedwhich froze the mind .these intellectuals worked on wakening the society by relying on newspapers , scientific and cultural magazines , literary forums and civil societies

Management of religious and social variety in Mecca civilization

Hamza Jabir Sultan Al- Asedy; Ahmed Kadhim Ali Al-sa; idy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

At the end of the fifties and early sixties of the twentieth century, appeared the names of a group of scientists and intellectuals, had an impact on the scene intellectual, he was most notably (Claude Levi-Strauss, Jacques Lacan, Michel Foucault, Louis Althusser, and Roland Barthes). And had their backs after the spread of the so-called structural, because they tried to explain the phenomena by discovering the underlying structure, through a series of methodological approaches.
If this difference is apparent between the structuralists in the areas of research, has led to the difficulty of defining structural or even described and accurate description, and this is what inevitably we study in order to reach the similarities among them and that led to putting them under the so-called structural, this study This study aims to identify the structural By eating the main characters, and the underlying reason behind the selection of the researcher to these figures is that most of the writers and researchers contend that these represent structural at least at the height of its prosperity.

Management of religious and social variety in Mecca civilization

SadiqhShakirMahmood Al-Makhzoomy

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

Allah has chosen Mecca to be the first sacred house of worshipping the only God. Allah also trusted it to have the most important leaders of all His messages, Ibrahim and Mohammed (Peace be upon them). In his turn Ibrahim asked Allah to guide the Meccans to the monotheism, grant them safety and livelihood. Muhammed also communicated the right religion and noble characters of nations. So , Mecca was Allah's city and the place where people used to pray and because of that a lot of people would like to come to it and they brought their creeds , cultures and languages with them. As a result , Mecca became the mother of villages and meeting place of different sects, those who believe in Allah and In his Messenger Muhammad , and those who are Jews, and the Sabians, and the Christians, and the Magians, and those who Worship others besides Allâh; All of those lived peacefully and Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection.
This was the most important factor that people could depend on in managing various beliefs. In addition to all of this In Mecca,a lot of great men who were considered to be typical example arose such as, Ismaeel , Qusai , Hashim , Abdul Muttalib and mohammed. Thus, this research shows the meaning of doctrinal and intellectual difference and objective and final agreement represented by common view and interest. The paper also explain how the meaning of social interaction and coexistence arises to be a typical example and motivating symbol for common culture in life.

Human Proprities and it is role in pollution Petrology in ground in Al-Najaf Al- Asraf City

Nehad H. Metlak; Mahmmoed B. Ali; Rosel A. Mohsen

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

إن التلوث هو تواجد أي مادة من المواد الملوثة في البيئة بكميات تؤذي بطريقة مباشرة أو غير مباشرة وبمفردها أو بالتـفاعل مع غيرها إلى الإضرار بالصحة، أو تسبب في تعطيل الأنظمة البيئية حيث قد تتوقف تلك الأنظمة عن أداء دورها الطبيعي على سطح الكرة الأرضية. وتعتبر التربة ملوثة باحتوائها على مادة أو مواد بكميات أو تركيزات مسببة خطر على صحة الإنسان أو الحيوان أو على النبات، أو المنشآت الهندسية أو المياه السطحية أو الجوفية ، إن التربة هي من أكثر العناصر التي يسيء إليها الإنسان فهو قاس عليها و لاسيما خلال القرنين الماضيين إذ عرفت البشرية تطورا كبيرا مما كان معهودا، خلفت أضرارا جسيمة بالتربة و تم تلوثها بفعل المواد السامة ، اضافة الى التطور الصناعي الكبير مما أدى إلى تراكم النفايات من مواد صلبة ناتجة عن المصانع و المنازل و الشوارع إذترمى في أماكن تضر التربة إذ لم تكن هده الأماكن مخصصة و مدروسة،اضافة الى المواد السائلة كمياه الصرف الصحي التي يتم التخلص منها حاملة معها مواد سامة كالزئبق والرصاص والمواد الملوثة والفطريات والبكتريا المرضية واستعمال هذه المياه في السقي الزراعي فتلوت التربة،هذا ليس كل شيء فاستعمال الأسمدة و المبيدات الحشرية تؤثر سلبا هي الأخرى على التربة بفعل مكوث مكوناتها في التربة و زيادة ملوحتها، تؤدي الاسمدة دورا ً مهما ً وفاعلا ً في زيادة الانتاج الزراعي وتحسين نوعيته الا ان الاستعمال المفرط لها اصبح عاملا ً خطرا ً في تهديد التوازن البيئي ، لذا يعد تلوث التربة من الظواهر البيئية التي أخذت جزء ً كبيرا من اهتمام الباحثين والمؤسسات الصحية و حكومات دول العالم منذ النصف الثاني من القرن العشرين على وجه الخصوص الدول ألمتقدمه. وتعد مشكلة التلوث من أهم المشاكل البيئية الملحة التي بدأت تأخذ أبعادا بيئية واقتصادية واجتماعية خطيرة

BASIC TENETS OF RHETORICAL PRAGMATICS

Fareed Hameed Al-Hindawi; Hussain Hameed Mayuuf; Waleed Ridha Hammoodi Al-Juwaid

Adab Al-Kufa, In Press

This study tackles the basic tenets of Rhetorical Pragmatics. It starts with a brief idea about Rhetoric; its relationship with Dialectics, Communication, and Pragmatics. The study adopts Leech's(1983) model of communication which involves explaining Interpersonal Rhetoric with its components: the Cooperative , Politeness, Irony and Banter principles. An idea concerning Textual Rhetoric is also presented by this work through highlighting some of its significant aspects and principles. The paper also deals with rhetorical pragmatic strategies, types of arguments, figures of speech and tropes. The paper ends up with a brief idea about Strategic Maneuvering in argumentation