Animal Wealth Globalization (changes, Effect on the International Markets)

Safaa Majeed AL- Mudhafar; Mahmood Bader Ali Al-Samea

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 71-88


The term extracted the term globalization emerging in the literature of political, economic and cultural because the concept of globalization has close ties to the economy and capital and this made a number of the book go to the fact that globalization means: mainstreaming of a model of western civilization .
Could be considered being of the globalization of economies through rade and the flow of money, knowledge and ideas and the people. And globalization in the livestock sector clear in Greater international flows animal wealth and their products in addition to capital and the exchange of information and the spread of standards, which is becoming more stringent and changes in sectoral structures towards focus and integration. It is in this way may affect the work of the local markets animal wealth was clear from the study that globalization affected international flows animal wealth and their products in terms of the increasing volume of animal production in developing countries steadily since the early 1980s, both for domestic consumption or export. At the same time, the consumption of meat and dairy products in the world continued to rise as markets show animal wealth under globalization in three forms: a series of international markets include animal products from a country for spearheading to retailers and consumers in another country chains facility by means of direct foreign investments local markets affected by globalization.

The optimum metlod to Face Building Globalization in Arab Homeland

Abd ul sahib Naji Al Baghdady; Haider Abdul Razaqh Kamona

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 13-44

AbstractThe concept of globalization appeared firstly in the field of economy to express a wide spreading phenomenon in last decades that is the phenomenon of increasing production, trade, and all world markets. Some researchers consider the globalization as a feature of the current stage of the development of capitalism, while other researchers regard it as an achievement of a series of development and economic evolution of the fifteenth century (European Renaissance). This achievement is represented in what is provided by the new technology in the field of communication, media, and technology.This research tries to introduce the concept of globalization and identify its essence so as to define and know it in order to clarify its positive or negative effects in various areas (economically, socially, culturally, ....), especially, in the field of architecture, the topic of the research.In order to get to the best way in striving the globalization of architecture and reduce its effects on architecture in the Arab world, a set of conclusions and recommendations are concluded in this research.

The Moslem Philosophers Attitude Towards ProPhecy

Hakem Abd Naser

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 213-251

AbstractThe study of the prophet and of prophecy and the signs of prophecy and miracles that accompanied the Prophet during communicated the message of his Lord to humans , and the characteristic of the Prophet and other topics taking care of theologians and theology of all the teams and religions, including our Islamic religion, with blackened pages of books and many volumes in this selection, and make the study of the prophecy of the detective nodule infrastructure after study of the Deity in the literature, was considered to theologians and theology from the perspective of doctrinal because God had told the Prophet in his books of heavenly bodies, and make him the qualities and conditions and miracles and dignities, etc, and to find out who wants to review the views of theologians and theologians to return to the origins of books on different teams, made no exception for this research into the question of prophecy philosophers and mystics, scholars and fundamentalists and others,(and discussed here is studying the position of those speakers or Sufis or fundamentalists or scholars of Prophet hood).Rather, the research head lesson and analysis and testing for the positions of Muslim philosophers exclusively, and philosophers such as Canadian and Abu Bakr al- Razi doctor and Farabi, Ikhwan al-Safa and Abu Sulaiman logical Sajistani, Ibn Sina and Miskaweih and Ibn Khadun in order to indicate the positions of these philosophers of prophecy, and to show how varied attitudes towards??.

The Logical Thought For Sader AL-Deen AL- Shirazy

Ahlam Majely AL- Shibly

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 323-338

AbstractSader Al-deen Al-Shirazy is considered as one of the late moslem philosophers who dealt with the divine science.The researchers dealt with his divine philosophy as well as the natural and Sufism , but no one has dealt with the logical proplems this philosophers left us abook in logical which is Al- Tangheeh fi Al- Mantigh and athesis entitled ((Resalt al- Tasawer Waltusdeegh)) so the research is dealing with these two compositions. Throughout this research we deduce that Sader al- deen Al-shirazy did not restricted to studying the theology and sufism are ther he deals with the problems of logic but in brief.Besides we find that he connected Gnosticism with logic and made the logical thought as the base of it.We also find that Sader al- deen in this science is of the followers of Aristotle and he did not go beyond the Aristotle logic in its issues , analogy and induction

AL-Adel Najafy Magazine –Its intellectual contributions and Philosophical Attitudes , 1965-1971

Meqhdam Abdul Hasen Fayadh

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 103-151


AL-Adel-najafy magazine for said Ibraheem AL-Fadhly is an example of the press of Najaf which had flourished during the 60s and the early 70s of the twentieth century ,that it may described as avery valuable historical document ,wrote the history of avery important period and rapid developments that contemporary Iraq had witnessed on all level, especially the political one. It could be a resource that we cannot neglect in studying the history of Najaf during that period, because it had dealt with the different social and economic issues ,represents the national point of view and tried to express its deep belief on the Arab issue’s unity and explain the imperialistic policy nature which some of the West countries followed towards Iraq and the other Arab countries. The importance of the information and facts that AL-Adel-published.
The subject comes with in a preface and three topics. The preface gives a brief explanations of the stage that the Najafy press had passed and examples of the magazines and journal of that time. The first topic dealt with rise of the founders (Ibraheem AL-Fadhily and Abdul-Hadi AL-Esamy), throws light on their roots social environment, their features, their scientific activities, and the most distinctive effect that effect their mental structure.
The second topic is devoted to the rise and development of the magazine, administration, finance, organizing structure and the motives of founding it by AL-Fadhily and AL-Esamy. The magazine intellectual trends, social relation political attitude and its role in the life of that time society, had been dealt with in the third topic.
The study depends on different resources, first of which the magazines issues for the five years 1965-1971 ,in addition to anumber of the biographies and the books of the local history for AL-Najaf city.

Imam Muhammed Abda – A Study in his ….. and political thoughts

Muaed Baker Al-Aaraji

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 399-427

AbstractThe demise of the Arabs politically in Baghdad and Cordoba and the seizure of the Mongols and Turks and Christian Crusaders on most of theirs, and about the weakness in the activity of philosophers and theologians, despite the emergence of some media such as pride Razi, and humerus religion Alobjee, and Sanusi The author of the "mother of evidence", and Sheikh Bagoury) (the "jewel" in the science of faith, and did not emit life in the religious thought of Islam, but the mid-nineteenth century after increased confrontation intellectual and cultural, as an extension between the Christian West and the world of Islam, by Christian missionaries and preachers secular thought, and men of Orientalism heavily critical of the ideology of the Islamic mystic rigid, which ran on the religious life of Muslims throughout the Ottoman Empire, the spread of Sufi orders and angles, which called reformers Salafi new, led by Afghan in his book "message Aldahryn" in 1881, to respond to these, and Sheikh Muhammad Abduh in his letter known as the "message of monotheism" .

Evaluating the under ground water for cultivating some corps in AL-Najaf AL- Ashraf Governoeate (by using wastsuit Model)

Feras Fadhel Hasen; Aqheel Majid Najem; Fatima Mohsen Kezar

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 303-321


This study was included some chemical tests on samples of groundwater (wells) in the certain locations of Al-najaf Al ashraf, like (acidity, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, chlorides, magnesium ion, sodium ion and calcium ion ) .
The results of these tests were admitted in mathematical model named (Watsuit Model) to predict the soil bearing to the salinity and toxicity problems resulting from irrigation water in steady – state conditions. In this away salinity or concentration of contaminated was calculated by multiplying the conductivity of irrigation water (Ec) or salt concentration with
A concentration factor (Cf) with corresponds to the washing factor and depth in the root zone.
Finally, the suitability of water irrigation was evaluated by comparison with

Historic Metuod For Dr. Ali AL- Wardi

Ahmed Jaefer sadiqh AL- Ansary

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 375-397


A social theoretical study in an analytical style of the content of the most important of Dr. Ali Al- Wardi's works, in addition to the opinion of some of those who wrote about him in an attempt to reveal one of the most significant research methods of sociology which is the historical method and the way he applied this method in study of the Iraqi society and the analysis of the social phenomenon through following up this history. Therefore, this study starts with an introduction revealing its importance and its purpose as well as the problem that it tackles. Then it dealt with revealing the concepts of the basic studies, the history, the method and the historical method. After which, a rapid review of the bibliography of Dr. Ali Al- Wardi. Finally, the researcher discussed the way he applied the historical method in the social research.

Twentieth Revolution and Iraqi nationalism

Abd Adheem Abaas Nassr

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 253-302


Many writers and historians wrote about the Twentieth Revolution, but the current circumstances require to review this revolution, recalling its demonstration and inspiring of its heroes' biography and what was achieved during its time and after. During these situations, Iraq is suffering from the danger of sectarianism, and the Twentieth Revolution was able to collect and unify the Iraqis in its national without sectarianism and within a period in which our country is in an urgent need for a strong and national unity. It has achieved this unit while it was the basic rule for it, and its geographical, political and social sense for Iraq. For the time being, our country is facing several challenges and dangers of partition, trying to take advantage of democracy and freedom in the dismantling of Iraq's national unity. This great revolution has set up for Iraq its character and the political essence, shaping the way to gain recognition for independence and emergence as an independent state in the international community.
In addition, the national of Twentieth Revolution is the outstanding and most important aspect, and this may be the axis of its most information and details. We have shed light on it briefly for highlighting the difference between what it was the situation in Iraq before the revolution and what it was fulfilled of changing in the national side. For this, we have appointed the first section to the Iraq reality during the Ottoman Empire where it was suffered from national weakness due to its internal and external reasons. Some of these reasons belongs to the policy of the Ottoman over Iraq, and others are resulting from the implications of this policy to the internal situation. However, the national side of the revolution did not achieve the practical level only, but also the intellectual level as well. As for this subject is an agreement point from many politicians and historians, we have allotted a section for each, with title "Revolution and the Intellectual Framework for National Identity", the other subjects of other sections have been focused on the scientific contexts in the process of Revolution . The third chapter deals with the role of the religion men in reflecting and enhancing the national role of the revolution. The fourth one addresses the national frameworks of Iraqi components. Consequently, the fifth section has been dedicated to address the national role of heads and sons of the tribes in the revolution

The Use ofApologyStrategies by Iraqi EFL Learners

Saadiya Wudaa Al-Quraishy

Adab Al-Kufa, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 9, Pages 9-37

Apology is an expressive illocutionary act. It is a social act, the goal of which is to maintain harmony between the speaker and hearer. To perform the act of 'apologizing', the offender who perceives the need to apologize should employ certain strategies of apology: opting out, evasive strategies, direct strategies and indirect ones.
This study aims at categorizing the types and percentages of the strategies used in performing the speech act of 'apologizing' by Iraqi EFL learners of English as a foreign language. It also attempts at pointing out the breakdowns committed in using these strategies. To this end, the discourse completion test was practiced to twenty-five participants of Iraqi EFL learners of English as a foreign language. The findings after analyzing their responses reveal that Iraqi EFL learners of English as a foreign language lack knowledge for most of the strategies of apology .